I was talking with a friend about perfect meals for entertaining and we went through the usual suspects: Lasagnas, chili, tenderloins. And then he mentioned that his favorite go-to entertaining dish was a pork butt or shoulder left in a low oven for so long that it practically fell apart.
A cut of meat so flexible that the cooking time could be stretched by an hour, or three, and the roast wouldn't be any worse for the wear. A roast that could be plunked on the table whenever everyone was ready to eat.
Long ago, a chef had explained to him that meat likes to be cooked at around the temperature it reaches when it is done. While I don't think that is always the case (flame-kissed steaks and burgers anyone?), it made nice sense when I thought in terms of a big, tough hunk of meat, like this pork shoulder, which needs low and slow cooking to make it turn from impossibly tough to tender.
Rushing the process won't help; you've got to keep the heat low and the time long. The best part? This is free time you can spend reading, dancing, sleeping, cleaning a closet, saving kittens from trees.
You can leave the roast in the very low oven for an extra one to three hours with no repercussions. If you feel it needs a bit more browning or caramelization at the end, turn the heat up to 450 degrees for 15 minutes before pulling the roast out of the oven, and then make sure it rests for a bit so the fibers can relax and the juices regroup.
If all has gone as planned, the meat will be so tender that the slices won't hold together. That's part of the appeal. You might serve this with some green beans, roasted potatoes and a salad. Leftovers make amazing quesadillas, burritos, soups, stews, sandwiches and so on.
This serves 10 to 12 and start to finish is eight hours (mostly hands off). What you need:
▪ Two tablespoons chopped garlic.
▪ Three anchovies, rinsed.
▪ Two tablespoons chopped fresh rosemary.
▪ Two teaspoons kosher salt.
▪ One teaspoon freshly ground pepper.
▪ Quarter cup olive oil.
▪ Two tablespoons coarse Dijon mustard.
▪ One 6-pound boneless pork shoulder, trimmed of excess fat and tied.
In a small food processor combine the garlic, anchovies, rosemary, salt and pepper. Add the olive oil and process until it forms a paste, scraping down the sides (if you don't have a mini food processor, just mince the ingredients and then transfer them to a bowl. Use a fork to mash them into the olive oil).
Remove the blade and use a fork or spoon to stir in the mustard. Rub the paste all over the pork shoulder, loosely cover it with plastic wrap, and refrigerate from two to 24 hours.
Bring the pork to room temperature, which will take about 45 minutes to one hour, and toward the end preheat the oven to 450. Place the pork in a shallow roasting pan and roast, fat side down, for 30 minutes, until the top starts to brown. Turn the heat down to 250 and continue to cook for six to eight hours, until the middle of the roast registers 180 degrees on an internal thermometer, and as you slide the thermometer in you can feel that the meat is very tender throughout.
About half an hour before you are ready to call it done, pour off most of the juices from the pan into a heatproof container, like a Pyrex measuring cup. Place this in the fridge, where the fat will rise to the top.
When the meat is cooked, if you think that the outside of the roast could use a bit more crust/brownness, turn the heat back up to 450 and let it cook for another 15 to 20 minutes to give the outside a crunchier texture.
Remove from the oven and let sit for about 20 minutes, especially if you have raised the heat at the end. Spoon the fat off the reserved juices in the fridge and pour the cooking juices into a serving pitcher or bowl (warm it in the microwave or in a small pot if you like). Slice the pork as thinly or thickly as you like, knowing the meat will fall apart at least slightly. Sprinkle a bit of salt on the sliced meat before serving, and pass the pan juices on the side to drizzle.
Nutrition information per serving: 341 calories; 113 calories from fat; 13 g fat (3 g saturated; 0 g trans fats); 137 mg cholesterol; 539 mg sodium; 1 g carbohydrate; 0 g fiber; 0 g sugar; 51 g protein.